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Dietary and Exercise Tips for Managing Diabetes

By Michael Sakarya [Get Well Clinic]

Introducing diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a term encompassing various disorders characterized by hyperglycemia, meaning increased blood glucose levels. It arises due to a combination of insulin resistance and dysfunction of the cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin1. In type 1 diabetes, the cells in the pancreas that secrete the hormone signal insulin are attacked by the body’s own immune system, causing a complete lack of insulin secretion. In type 2 diabetes, genetic and lifestyle factors can cause insulin resistance where the body’s cells do not respond to insulin as normal. As a result, there is reduced uptake of blood glucose by the body’s cells and increased glucose production by the liver. The pancreas compensates by excessively producing insulin, but in the long term, the pancreas begins to fail, and insulin secretion decreases. Hyperglycemia manifests in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

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What You Need to Know about Mixing COVID-19 Vaccines

Farheen Khan, (Hons) B.Sc. (Biochemistry) [Get Well Clinic]

As we enter summer 2.0 of the COVID-19 pandemic (and hopefully the final summer as well), Canadians have been preparing to receive their second COVID-19 vaccine dose. To recap, most Canadians have already received their first dose of one of three COVID-19 vaccines: Pfizer-BioNTech (mRNA technology), Moderna (mRNA technology, or Oxford-AstraZeneca (adenoviral vector technology). Though there have been a lot of questions regarding the second dose, the most common ones have been regarding mixing vaccines. If you find yourself wondering whether it is okay to mix any of the available COVID-19 vaccines, please continue to read on as this article may answer some of your questions.

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Oxford-AstraZeneca and Janssen / Johnson & Johnson... Two More COVID-19 Vaccines Approved by Canada

( Current upated information as of 25-Mar-2021 )
By Farheen Khan, (Hons)B.Sc. (Biochemistry) [Get Well Clinic]

It is now the month of March, and a few more vaccine candidates have marched into our COVID-19 vaccine toolkit. These include the newly approved Oxford-AstraZeneca and Janssen-Johnson & Johnson vaccines.  

Both vaccines are viral vector vaccines.1 More specifically, these vaccines contain a weakened, live adenovirus - a virus that causes the common cold.2 To develop these vaccines, scientists first removed all disease-causing and replication-related genes from the adenovirus.1,3–5 As the adenovirus can now no longer replicate or cause disease, it is harmless to the human body.1,3–5 

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2021: A SHOT at a Better Year : How the COVID-19 mRNA Vaccines Work

Farheen Khan, (Hons)B.Sc. (Biochemistry) [Get Well Clinic]

 

The year 2020 will forever be remembered as the year of COVID-19, social distancing, cancelled plans, and more. Luckily, it is coming to an end (finally) with promising results from Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna regarding the availability of COVID-19 vaccines by early 2021. These vaccines are one type of many different vaccine systems being developed and produced for protection against COVID19.

Both vaccines are messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines.1,2 Before going on to further explain how these vaccines work, I’d like to first assure that the mRNA engineered for the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines will not integrate into and remain in our DNA forever. Here’s why:

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